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The archaeological research of the house No. 23 in the area called Latrán


Latrán no. 23 In 1994 during the complete restoration work of the house No. 23, the archaeologists of The Český Krumlov District National History and Geography Museum did archaeological probing on its ground-floor. Altogether six probing were searched . Almost analogues situation was found in all of them. The place had been used as the rubbish heap from the second half of the 13th century to the late 15th century. It could have been a spare place among out-buildings ( simple wooden buildings and penthouses), but not a stone house interior. A large number of pottery collection dating from the 2nd half of the 13th century was excavated from the lower parts of several tenths centimetres thick waste layer.

Besides a glass vessel fragment ( a bottle with an inside ringlet ), a pottery cup stipe - imported from Podunají , an iron bolt into the crossbow, a vessel-shape tile with a square mouthpiece, one of the oldest in the Czech Republic ranks among the most valuable discoveries.

The objects dating from the 14th century are almost missing. Many objects dating from the 15th century were found in the upper grey-and-black waste layer. A large number of pottery fragments, some waste stuff from the girdler´s workshop ( copper and bronze clasps, fasteners, sewn-on pieces, needles, pins, etc. ), and many animal bones and a big bear tooth.




The drawing documentation of the archaeological research in house No. 23, Pivovarská Street. Individual levels and the eastern profile in probing 3 . Drawing : Michal Ernée. The ground-plan of house No.23 in Pivovarská Street with archaeological probing marks. Drawing: Michal Ernée.
The vessel-shape tile with a square mouthpiece from house No. 23 in Pivovarská Street (dating from the 13th century). The Collection Fund of the Český Krumlov District National History and Geography Museum. The glass vessel fragment originated from the bottle with an inside ringlet similar to the bottle found in Brno. The fragment was excavated during the archaeological research in house No. 23, Pivovarská Street. According to Z. Himmelová.

In the 15th century a stone house was built on its place. The peripheral walls were preserved. The existence of waste layers that grew until the second half of the 13th century ends in the house interior. Only several inexpressive thoroughfare and construction horizons were picked up between the waste layer and the current surface.

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Further information :
The archaeological researches in the town of Český Krumlov
The archaeological research of the medieval town of Český Krumlov