Encyclopedia > Town Český Krumlov > Buildings in the Historical Center of Český Krumlov > Horní Street

Horní No. 156

Horní no. 156, front facade Location:
Horní No. 156

Description of the Building:
This one story building which is situated on the sloping terrain of Horni Street has a front wall that faces Horni Street and a decorated back side which faces the parish Church of St. Vitus. At the top of the smooth front facade there is a Classical attic gable with vases. The back facade of the building is vertically divided by a row of tall, Doric pilasters. In the center section of this facade, at the level of the first floor there is a niche with a statue of the Virgin Mary, enclosed in glass, which dates from the modern day. On both sides of this niche are remnants of stone window jambs. In the interior of the building on the side which faces Horni Street there is a barrel vaulted entrance hall. Next to this hall there is a room with a flat ceiling. Similarly, spaces in the first floor have either flat ceilings or are equipped with joisted ceilings without recesses. There are stone vaulted cellars under the front part of the building and cellars with wooden joisted ceilings are sunken into the slope terrain toward the back of the building.

Architectural and Historical Development:
The building originates from the Gothic period. Evidence of this can be seen in the part of the expansive back tract of the building. In the Renaissance period, renovations and additions were made to the front part of the building. Further alterations were made in the Baroque period after a fire in 1652. The back facade of the building dates to the end of the 17th century.

The latest alterations, which are most evident in the main facade, were made during the Classical period.

Horní no. 156, rear facade Significant Architectural Features:

  • The rear facade of the building
  • Woodcut of Virgin Mary (restored in the 1970\'s)

History of the House Residents:
The first known owner of the building was a weaver by the name of Slimar in 1513. Information about the owners and residents of the building in the 16th century is somewhat segmented. It is known for sure, however, that a teacher and fourteen young men, who sang in the church choir during mass and funerals, lived here until another space was set aside for them. Perhaps, at the beginning of the 17th century, a clock maker named Hans Richter lived here. There was a fire in the building in 1652 and after the middle of the 17th century, the building belonged to the town justice of the peace Jan Zikmund Finkenauer, who was succeeded in 1674 by the cobbler Jiri Schulz. He was succeeded in 1691 by the priest Josef Woss. After verger Frantisek Woss, the building was owned by a weaver named Frantisek Erlich from 1743. From 1786-1802, a weaver named Jan Kinnel lived here.

Present Use:
Prelate parochial office, Čadek & Doubek Tabacco